About growth charts
Growth charts are traditionally used to assess a child’s growth in reference to the observed growth patterns in a population. They are drawn as percentile (centile) curves, where each percentile curve is labelled according to the percentage of population below the curve. For example, 3 percent of the population has height less than the 3rd percentile height in the given age group. Growth charts currently recommended for clinical use by the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP, 2015) can be printed here.
Child height growth curves can now be estimated using two new state-of-the-art models that use the SITAR (SuperImposition by Rotation and Translation) and GAMLSS (Generalized Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape) methods. The GAMLSS method provides more finely tuned percentiles in Indian children. SITAR height growth curves are developed from height measurements collected serially (longitudinally) from long-term observations in Indian children.
Indian Academy of Pediatrics Growth Charts Committee, Khadilkar V, Yadav S, Agrawal KK, Tamboli S, Banerjee M, Cherian A, Goyal JP, Khadilkar A, Kumaravel V, Mohan V, Narayanappa D, Ray I, Yewale V. Revised IAP growth charts for height, weight and body mass index for 5- to 18-year-old Indian children. Indian Pediatr. 2015 Jan;52(1):47-55. doi: 10.1007/s13312-015-0566-5. PMID: 25638185.
Stasinopoulos, DM, & Rigby, RA (2008). Generalized Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) in R. J. Stat. Soft., 23, 1–46. doi: 10.18637/jss.v023.i07
Cole TJ, Donaldson MD, Ben-Shlomo Y. SITAR--a useful instrument for growth curve analysis. Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Dec;39(6):1558-66. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyq115. Epub 2010 Jul 20. PMID: 20647267; PMCID: PMC2992626.